Synthesis of HighPerfomance Architectural Primitives
Kaustuv DeBiswas, Undergraduate Thesis, Dept. of Architecture, Jadavpur University, India (2003)

Advisors: Prof.Somen Chakraborty,JU, India | Dr. Gourabmoy Nath, Amadeus,France

Downloads :Theoretical Extract | Experimental House | Indian Architecture and Builders Publication | A+D Publication


This thesis investigates the possibility of obtaining optimum design solution(suggestions) at the early conceptual stages of design, by formulating a synthesis/generative approach based on an optimizing structure. The generative system(GS), consisting of a sorting process based on Genetic Algorithm and simple simulation procedures, generate possible design solutions for a given site by optimizing the design criteria. The design of climatologically (Heat, Light and Wind) high performance forms in Kolkata is used as a test bed. The objective functions have been simplified in order to allow a quicker and wider search, (a larger population with a larger number of variables) which is desirable in early stages of design.
Not only does a comparative analysis suggest that the solutions obtained using this GS are superior starting points for design than the ones conventionally used, but the process also brings transparency into the system. Even if one deviates from the optimised benchmark, an objective evaluation of the compromise or deviation can easily be done. Starting of from an optimised benchmark at the intuitive stage gives one the greatest potential for improving on performance efficiencies and environmental economies. The right orientation and fenestration choice can halve the air-conditioning requirement. Incorporating passive solar elements and natural ventilation pathways can eliminate it altogether. The building form can even be designed to provide shading using its own fabric, without any need for additional structure or applied shading. It is significantly more difficult and costly to retrofit these features at a later stage in a projects development.

last update March 13, 2006 @Kaustuv Kanti De Biswas